How to control BP during pregnancy

There is a valid reason why pregnant women are advised to rest. High blood pressure is common among pregnant women, usually after 20 or 24 weeks, but it is not necessarily a dangerous combination. A blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg and higher is considered high blood pressure during pregnancy. So, how to control BP in pregnancy? To reduce blood pressure, careful monitoring of mother and child is crucial.

Signs of high blood pressure during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time when a woman needs to take more care of herself and lead as healthy as possible. Here are some signs of high blood pressure during pregnancy that pregnant women should be aware of –

protein in urine
Swelling
Headache
nausea or vomiting
Abdominal pain

Click here to learn more about blood pressure symptoms.

There are two types of high blood pressure in pregnancy.

Chronic hypertension – this happens when a woman already has high blood pressure before becoming pregnant.

Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure – also known as gestational hypertension, arises when high blood pressure is caused by pregnancy.

If left untreated, high blood pressure can pose serious health risks for both mother and baby.

How to control BP in pregnancy? Eat healthy!

If you are thinking about how to control BP in pregnancy, start eating healthy! Simple diet and lifestyle changes can help lower your blood pressure and lead a healthy lifestyle. Here’s how to control blood pressure during the 9th month of pregnancy –

Eat foods rich in calcium and magnesium

Calcium and magnesium are known to reduce high blood pressure during pregnancy. So your diet should largely consist of –

Almonds
avocados
bananas
pumpkin seeds
tofu
Soy milk
Cashew nut
Yogurt
Whole grains
green leafy vegetables

The best sources of calcium and magnesium are green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach and kale. Other rich sources include carrots, celery, garlic, onions, peas, sweet potatoes and tomatoes.

essential fatty acids

Want to know how to avoid high blood pressure during pregnancy? Include omega-3 fatty acids! Studies have shown that the essential fatty acids found in flaxseeds, coconut oil, hazelnuts, chia seeds, olive oil, walnuts and salmon can reduce blood pressure.

Increase your potassium intake

A pregnant woman should consume at least 2,000 to 4,000 mg of potassium in a day. In fact, potassium should be part of your high blood pressure diet plan, whether you’re pregnant or not. Some of the potassium rich foods include sweet potatoes, tomatoes, oranges, bananas, beans and raisins.

Other ways to control BP in pregnancy

There is no cure for chronic hypertension, but you can manage it during pregnancy. In addition to eating a healthy diet and limiting your sodium intake, how do you manage BP in pregnancy? Here are some ways –

Follow the deep breathing exercise to lower stress levels and stabilize blood pressure
Walk as much as possible, as inactive women are at a much higher risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy. Enjoy brisk walking for at least 30 to 45 minutes every day
Monitor Your Weight Gain – Don’t Gain Too Much Weight
Listen to music
Avoid caffeinated drinks
No smoking and drinking alcohol